Below is the answer for some frequently asked immigration questions from Meritrusts Immigration Consulting. Most of these myths are probably caused by wrong information provided by people who are not authorized to provide immigration advice. We really hope this article will remove some misunderstandings about Canadian immigration law and regulations.
I have a visitor visa. Can I upgrade (or change) my visitor visa to a study visa or work visa after my arrival in Canada?
Many travel agencies who don’t have RCIC and are not authorized to provide immigration advice, promote the idea of changing or upgrading a visa either upon arrival to Canada or any time after that. Unfortunately, a visa is not like a seat in your flight where it could be upgraded or changed from window seat to the aisle seat, even by paying a premium.
Every visa applicant should explain the reason for travelling to Canada with backup documents. For tourism purposes or visiting family or friends, the visitor visa would be issued. You may check the type of the visa in the visa counterfoil. Every kind of visa comes with some restrictions. Part of these restrictions is defined by Canadian immigration laws and regulations and the rest could be decided by the CBSA officer at the port of entry. For example, studying in Canada with a visitor visa in the courses taking longer than 6 months is not allowed. Except for a few situations, working for a visitor visa holder is also not allowed.
If your situation changes (i.e. you sign up for an educational course that takes longer than 6 months) you need a different type of visa/permit. In this case, you have to submit a new study permit application along with all supporting documents and the reasons behind the request.
Since the application should be prepared and submitted from scratch, the presence of the applicant in Canada is no advantage or disadvantage. Having an approved Canadian visitor visa is also does not affect the officer’s decision on the new application. The only definite point, in this case, a past visitor visa might indicate that the admissibility check will likely be passed quickly.
Is it possible that I enter Canada with a visitor visa and then apply for permanent residence from inside Canada?
In theory, yes. But I urge you to think twice before you pack your luggage!
During your temporary residence visa (TRV) application, you already informed Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that you are travelling for the purpose of tourism or visiting family/friends. Unfortunately, unlike common perception, a visitor visa is NOT a final permit for entering Canada. The CBSA has full authority to double check all the documents from your application package and make sure that your intention to visit is the same as described at first place. If CBSA officer is satisfied with your case, (s)he will stamp your passport. If no date is written in on the stamp, an applicant may stay in Canada for up to 6 months from the date of entry. If any date is written on the stamp, the applicant must leave Canada before that date.
In most cases, the permanent residence applications take well over 6 months. As you may have guessed, it is normal to see cases take 2-3 years to be finished. In that case, for an applicant to stay in Canada, they must either extend their visa or if they have a multiple entry visa, they have to exit and re-enter to Canada.
All I can say, it’s abusing the Canadian immigration laws and visitor visa regulations, and I urge you to avoid doing so. In case of visa extension, you should have an excellent reason for IRCC to why your visit has taken more than 6 months. Many people start misrepresentation which is a severe crime that undermines their visitor visa and permanent residence applications. Exiting and re-entry to Canada have the same principles. CBSA might be suspected that why a tourist needs more than 6 months to visit Canada? Or what type of family need more than 6 months to catch-up? Does the applicant have any ties to his/her home country? These questions and answers would be held at the port of entry, and if the officer is not satisfied with the results, it is possible that the permitted duration of stay is remarkably reduced, or in some cases, the officer denies the request to enter to Canada.
As a result, considering that you are limited to 6 months of stay, most probably you are not allowed to work or study in Canada, there are risks associated with visa extension or exit and re-entry, and the permanent residence process takes long, I would suggest avoiding this scenario as much as possible.
Is it possible to move to Canada through the purchase of a real estate or business?
The easy part at first, the purchase of real estate has nothing to do with immigration to Canada. There is no advantage or disadvantage for permanent residence applicants who purchased a property in Canada.
But purchasing a business is an entirely different story. In most provincial entrepreneur programs, purchase or start of business is part of the eligibility requirement for permanent residence. It is of utmost importance that an applicant has full awareness of all the program requirements and details of the process. Almost always, the applicant should have related work experience in the home country and must provide a comprehensive business plan compatible with that field of activity in the province. Finally, the applicant can start a business instead of buying a business or franchise. In all entrepreneur programs, purchase or creation of the company is the last step hence you should be very careful with people who trap the immigration applicants to buy a business at first step.
Although there is one exception that purchase of business happens at first step. This method is called “Owner-Operator Labour Market Impact Assessment” and it is very niche and specific.
In a nutshell, this method consists of the following steps:
- The applicant purchases an active business or acquires the controlling share of an existing business.
- The applicant with enough documented past history of the business and ownership papers asks for an Owner-Operator Labour Market Impact Assessment.
- Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) requires most applications to perform a thorough employee advertisement for hire Canadian workforce at first place. In the case of Owner-Operator LMIA, this advertisement (which is a very tricky step) would be eliminated because the owner responsibilities of the business could not be performed by someone recruited from advertisement.
- Finally, the applicant with a positive LMIA can apply for a work permit to IRCC.
… And that is the most important part! You can expect a work permit by successful completion of this method. I highly advise that you think before investing in a business and going through all the steps mentioned above that what are you going to do with this work permit. Are you going to apply through Canadian Experience Class? Are you going to use under Federal Skilled Worker? Have you met all other eligibility criteria? It is not sensible to purchase a business before knowing precisely what you will do next. Meritrusts Immigration Consulting will assess your eligibility under entrepreneur immigration streams as well as other federal and provincial immigration programs by filling up the free assessment form here.
Can I come to Canada and immigrate as a refugee?
In short, No. Most of the people who are planning to come as a refugee would not be eligible under convention refugee, and most of these refugee claimants would be returned to their home country after claim refusal. Asylum is not an immigration program, and unfortunately, it is advertised by unauthorized people as a way to move to Canada.
Asylum Is not a way to gain better economic lifestyle or better economic gains. The government of Canada has 150 years of experience of applicants from 200 countries of the world and can easily find out refugee claimants who seek to abuse the immigration law and refugee protection regulations to move to Canada. The negative consequences of refugee claim refusal could be not accepting of any refugee claim of all family member in the future to 5 years bar of any application to Canada due to misrepresentation.
Is it possible for me to come to Canada on a study permit, and get a work permit after finishing my studies, and then apply for permanent residence?
In theory, yes. But you should pay attention to the following points:
• Your learning institute and your course should be one of the approved public learning institutes by IRCC to get an open work permit after finishing your studies. Also, your class should be more than a year
• Choose your job wisely! There were many situations where working in a NOC C or D job actually prevented a successful permanent residence application.
• Enough planning and research should be conducted before applying to study (and work) in Canada. You should know under what program you are going to ask for permanent residence. Just like purchasing a business in Canada, if you move without the end in mind, you may spend lots of money and time in Canada without a successful PR application.
In the end, as you probably know, education in Canada for foreign nationals is quite expensive. Also, there are refusal risks involved in every (study, work and PR) application which makes this method riskier than other ways under the same situations. It is highly suggested that filling the free assessment form, make sure that there is no different or better alternative for moving to Canada.
Is It possible to move to Canada with a job offer? I’ve heard that some companies will also provide with a job offer.
Unfortunately, the job offer topic is so much filled with abuse that makes the honest head hunting businesses as a minority. I strongly suggest that look at every job offer (especially the ones that come with for a fee) with scrutiny. It is very rare that a Canadian employer to trust someone from a remote country so much that offers a job. If the employer and applicant know each other (i.e. family ties, friendship, etc.), then it would be an entirely different scenario. If the applicant has particular expertise or education at a world-class level, then again, it would be understandable. But for most cases, the job-offers are mainly traps made by some scammer to get money from desperate immigration applicants. The sad part is the scammed applicant would also face negative legal consequences if s(he) tries to bring the matter to the Canadian government.
Is it possible to immigrate to Canada by marriage?
If a foreign national marries a Canadian citizen or permanent residence, the Canadian spouse can sponsor the foreign national spouse only if:
• The marriage is genuine.
• The marriage is made primarily to acquire any status or privilege (including immigration to Canada)
It is evident from the question that the primary purpose of the marriage is immigration to Canada, so the brief answer to this question is “No.” As previously explained, IRCC officer has an extensive practical experience to find the bad faith marriages and pinpoint the applicants who want to bypass the immigration laws by abusing the sponsorship regulations to gain economic status in Canada. If two parties marry and the Canadian spouse intends to sponsor the foreign national spouse for uniting their family in Canada, then sponsorship is the answer. I strongly suggest that applicants avoid facing legal and immigration consequences by trying to bypass the sponsorship regulations.
I really hope that these article has shed some light on immigration the most asked questions. If you have any topic on immigration and think that might be beneficial for others, please add it in the contact form here so I could answer it in the next articles.
Jubin Ahdi – Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant
On August 20th, 2018, IRCC informed that from January 2019, Parents and Grandparents sponsorship program would be revised (back) to the original the first-come, the first-served method.
Before 2017, IRCC used to accept up to 5,000 applications on parents and grandparents sponsorship stream each year. There was so much pressure for applicants to submit their package as soon as the program opens so their case would be among the first 5,000 chosen ones.
For 2017 and 2018, IRCC chose the lottery system for selecting the applications. The quota for accepted cases also increased to 1,000 cases per year. This method was very controversial because even ineligible applicants could enter into the draw. The result would be 10,000 lottery winners where most of their applications would become refused.
To fill the 10,000 quotas, IRCC had to draw several times each year to reach their application intake limits. That gave IRCC some slack time to reduce the outstanding cases from 167,000 applications in 2011 to 26,000 cases in June 2018.
Back to the old method
Now, with returning to the familiar line method, IRCC has increased the PGP quota to 20,000 application for 2019. Also, applicants must submit an “Interest to Sponsor” to IRCC, and then IRCC would invite them to send their package, based on their quota. To sponsor your family members you may visit here.
Although the details of this process are yet to be finalized, it is expected that IRCC publishes all the required information during the last months of 2018.